The flame retardant industry is increasingly becoming a global industry. On the one hand, many flame retardant companies are participating in the world trade. On the other hand, the flame-retardant laws and regulations in one country or one region often have an impact on global industry rules.
In recent years, due to the impact of decabromodiphenyl ether and hexabromocyclododecane on persistent organic pollutants, the development of halogen-based flame retardants has been greatly affected, resulting in the development of halogen-free flame retardants. Agent concept. Corresponding to the halogen flame retardant, this concept has promoted the development of the research and manufacture of numerous halogen-free flame retardants including phosphorus flame retardants. After 2005, the price of bromine continued to rise, which is in stark contrast with the price stability of domestic phosphorus resources. As a result, the price gap between the two has increased rapidly. Even the price of brominated flame retardants was once higher than most phosphorus. More than double the price of flame retardants. Therefore, the increase in the price of brominated flame retardants has promoted the rapid growth of the phosphorus-based or phosphorus-nitrogen-based flame retardants in the market from 2005 to 2012.
In 2012, China's consumption of flame retardants was about 474,000 tons, of which the proportion of phosphorus flame retardants was the largest and the total amount was about 179,000 tons. The year-on-year growth of 90,000 tons of consumption was 16.4%. There are many reasons for the rapid growth of the phosphorus-containing flame retardant market. We believe that the most important reason is the increase in the price of its main competitors' brominated flame retardants, followed by the downstream market, and the third is the impact of policies and regulations.
First, the increase in the price of brominated flame retardants led to the rapid growth of phosphorus-containing flame retardants. The global brominated flame retardant giants are concentrated on Albemarle, Copolya and ICL. Since 2010, the three major companies have continuously raised the prices of their own flame retardants and bromine-related products. As the price of brominated flame retardants continues to rise, it will inevitably stimulate the consumption of phosphorus-containing flame retardants and boost the growth of the market for phosphorus-containing flame retardants.
Second, the rapid development of the downstream industry has led to the growth in the consumption of phosphorus-containing flame retardants. Phosphorus-containing halogenated phosphates and halogen-free phosphates in China account for 74% of phosphorus-containing flame retardant consumption. They are mainly used for building insulation materials, fire retardant coatings, adhesives and copper clad laminates, composite materials, etc. In the rapidly developing field, halogen-free phosphate esters are used in large amounts in PC/abs alloys; ammonium polyphosphates are mainly used in fire-retardant coatings and general plastics; hypophosphites are mainly used in engineering plastics such as polyamides, polyesters, and other engineering plastics; red Phosphorus flame retardants are mainly used for engineering plastics and general plastic flame retardants; phosphorus heterophenanthrene flame retardants are mainly used for copper clad laminates.